Fikri (1961 CE) dismissed this as another attempt to connect successful Muslim work to Christian origin. This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. It was transformed into workshops, then into an asylum for the infirm, before being restored in early 20th century. Ibn Tulun Mosque is a rare example where Europeans openly admitted its influence on the development of many features of their architecture. Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun (Le Caire, Égypte) (anglais) Teyloun, gama (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, mosquée de (Le Caire, Égypte) Notices thématiques en relation (1 ressources dans data.bnf.fr) Termes plus larges (1) Mosquées -- Égypte. The oldest mosque in Egypt and one of the largest in the world, it is also … (fr-fr) Coordonnées géographiques : N 30°01′43″ E 31°14′59″. This can be seen in the numerous common features of the two mosques. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The area reserved for prayer is rectangular in shape and measures about 137 m. x 118 m. The general design features an open court or central square (sahn) that is … Secondly, is the use of the same materials of construction such as brick and plaster. In its centre, he built a palace complex, a hippodrome, and a large mosque which became known by his name. It dates back to the last quarter of the ninth century, and therefore belongs to the formative period of Islamic architecture. The new city's centrepiece was the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, which was built in 878–880 under the supervision of the Mesopotamian Christian architect Ibn Katib al-Farghani. The third mosque built in Egypt for Friday and congregational prayers, Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque is one of the finest examples of hypostyle mosques of Abbasid period. The historian al-Maqrizi lists the mosque's construction start date as 876 AD, and the mosque's original inscription slab identifies the date of completion as AH 265 (878/879). Из отчета об экспедиции в Египет 2013. He argues that firstly, it is well known that Ibn Tulun lived in Samarra all his youth and he was clearly influenced by its prestige especially its Great Mosque of Al-Mutawakkil (848 CE). Le fondateur de la mosquée, Ahmad Ibn Tulun avait été envoyé comme gouverneur depuis Samarra, en Irak ; il avait vraisemblablement fait venir des artisans irakiens et a introduit le style de la capitale abbasside en Egypte. The Mosque Space is 2.5 hectares, built to keep the city at a distance, it was filled with shops & stalls. The roofed oratory of the mosque is divided by pillars into five long aisles or naves originally ornamented with panels of carved wood. It is surrounded by covered porticoes, each consisting of two aisles of pointed arcades raised on strong piers and overlooking its open centre where a fountain and an ablution basin stand. Originally a Turkic slave-soldier, in 868 Ibn Tulun was sent to Egypt as governor by the Abbasid caliph. Its construction was ordered in 876 by one of the great figures of Egyptian Muslim history. Such a feature could not have been achieved by the use of columns, which varied greatly in height and size and would have created problems in raising the arches to the same crown level. Located in the Sayyidah Zaynab district (formerly Qal'at al-Kabsh). It is named after the Emir Ahmed Ibn Tulun 2, a soldier among the troops of Samarra who was … This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. It is also the largest. A royal palace adjoined the mosque, and the rest of the city was laid out around them. The Ibn Tulun Mosque is a huge and historic mosque in Cairo built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun. WIKIPEDIA : Ahmad Ibn Touloun (835-884) est le fondateur de la dynastie des Toulounides qui a régné sur l'Égypte de 868 à 905. These open extensions which ring the mosque on three sides work as buffers between the bustle of the streets and the religious space inside. This is a category about a monument in Egypt identified by the ID by Danielle Steel. It was the third mosque built in Egypt, but as it is the only one that has survived in its original state, it is considered the oldest. This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque de la plus haute qualité. These are in the form of a band consisting of series of curved lines, flower buds and diamond shapes. Calligraphy works took the form of decorative strips covering the wooden rail of higher sections of the walls. 0. 2The Tulunids, formed a dynasty that lasted nearly forty years (868-905). (fr) Ahmad ibn Tulun (commanditaire) (fr) #date#876-879# (fr) La mosquée d'Ahmad ibn Tulun, gouverneur de l'Égypte de 868 à 884, édifiée de 876 à 879 (AH 263-265), se trouve dans le quartier d'al-Sayyida Zaynab (anciennement Qal'at al-kabsh). Four mihrabs made of plaster were added to the mosque. General view of Ibn Tulun Mosque showing the prayer hall, the So much refined! It was transformed into workshops, then into an asylum for the infirm, before being restored in early 20th century. He reported that Al-Qudhai narrated that Ibn Tulun asked for advice about: “the construction of a building that would stand the fire if the whole of Egypt was to be consumed by it, and stand a flood if the whole of Egypt was to be submerged by it.” He was told to build with plaster, ash and red brick, and not to erect any columns of marble as they do not stand well against fire. Il apprend le coran, la jurisprudence et les hadiths et surpasse en ce domaine tous ses camarades. The courtyard “Sahn” is a square extending south of the prayer hall. Trouvez les Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. Visit to Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque with Deena Younis. Ibn Tulun was the son of a Turkish slave of Mongol origins owned by the Abbasid Caliph al-Ma'mun. The mosque of ibn Tulun was commissioned by Ahmad ibn Tulun (323–358 AH/935–969 AD), ‘Abbasid governor of Egypt. Source: https://web.mit.edu/4.615/www/images/1018.html. The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Ţūlūn is located in Cairo, Egypt. Be the first to rate this post. The internal decorative works are found mainly in the frames and crowns of the piers, arches and windows. They reach the same height of 5 meters all around the mosque (Figure 3). It was used as a belt factory in the 18th century and was divided into shops in 1814. The city’s oldest intact, functioning Islamic monument is easily identified by its high walls topped with neat "crenulations" that, It was built between AD 876 and 879 by Ahmad Ibn Tulun, The Mosque was completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty (868-905 AD), Al-Qata'i was about two kilometers from the old community of Fustat. Mosque of Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, huge and majestic red brick building complex built in 876 by the Turkish governor of Egypt and Syria. This Website MuslimHeritage.com is owned by FSTC Ltd and managed by the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation, UK (FSTCUK), a British charity number 1158509. La prise du pouvoir en Egypte. According to the same theory, Ibn Tulun Mosque was also the means through which the pier was transmitted to Europe. Construction history. It was designed by the prominent Egyptian architect, Saiid Ibn Kateb Al-Farghany, who was a Christian Orthodox, the same engineer who designed the Nilometer. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun, or Mosque of al-Maydan. It is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area and the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form. Проект "ИСИДА" представляет. Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun, or Mosque of al-Maydan. Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun (Le Caire, Égypte) (anglais) Teyloun, gama (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, mosquée de (Le Caire, Égypte) Notices thématiques en relation (1 ressources dans data.bnf.fr) Termes plus larges (1) Mosquées -- Égypte. These cookies do not store any personal information. Ahmad ibn Tulun (Arabic: أحمد بن طولون ‎, romanized: Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn‎; ca. You will also notice its arcaded galleries and carved wooden ceilings, which include verses from the Koran. You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article was transmitted to.... Will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article received military in! The 18th century and was divided into shops in 1814 that have lots paintings, statues, gold,... - L'Égypte arabe in 642 erected in the mosque employed some 160 piers of brick instead. 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