Dec 10, 2020 Leonardo DRS. Dimensions and weight: Weight: 62.5 t: Length (gun forward) 9.83 m: Hull length: 7.92 m: Width: 3.48 m: Height: 2.44 m: Armament: Main gun: 120 mm smoothbore: Machine guns: 1 x 12.7 mm, 2 x 7.62 mm: Elevation range - 9 to + 20 degrees: Traverse range: 360 degrees: Ammunition load: Main gun: 40 rounds: Machine guns: 1 000 x 12.7 mm, 12 400 x 7.62 mm: Mobility: Engine: Honeywell AGT1500 gas turbine [76] The U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff Gen. Peter Chiarelli commended the M1 Abrams program and recommended a similar approach for the GCV program. M1-IP Abrams belonging to the 162nd Armored Regiment, attached to the 24th Mechanized Infantry Division. [47] This was in the face of inadequately trained Iraqi tank crews, most of whom had not fired live ammunition in the previous year due to the sanctions then in operation and made no hits at point-blank range. By December 2014, the Iraqi Army only had about 40 operational Abrams left. The M1 Abrams was the first to use this advanced armor. The CE variant was chosen due to its better effects against secondary targets, providing a more versatile weapon. Since the first M1 tanks entered service in 1980, they have been constantly upgraded, with the final version, the MIA2 boasting a larger gun, better armour and improved computer systems. The Abrams tank has three machine guns, with an optional fourth: The Abrams is equipped with a ballistic fire-control computer that uses user and system-supplied data from a variety of sources to compute, display, and incorporate the three components of a ballistic solution—lead angle, ammunition type, and range to the target—to accurately fire the main gun. Highly mobile, designed for modern armoured ground warfare, the M1 is well armed and heavily armored. Hunnicutt, R.P. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; There was some concern that depleted uranium would not be allowed in Germany, perhaps just in peacetime, so improvements to the tungsten cored M735 were also considered. M1A2s built for Middle Eastern countries were painted in desert tan. 255k SavageMan one year ago ... Power/Weight Ratio 0.037; Wing Loading 177,625.4lbs/ft 2 (867,243.2kg/m 2) Wing Area 0.5ft 2 (0.0m 2) Drag Points 9783; Parts. p. 234. What speed can they reach? London: Janes Information Group. [17], In January 1978, a program was initiated[24] to develop an enhanced version of the 105mm gun, the M68A1[25] as a possible alternate weapon for the M1 Abrams. However, the Army anticipates that the remaining M1A1 fleet will remain in U.S. service until at least 2021, and the M1A2 to beyond 2050. The composition of the Abrams' composite armor consists of sandwiched plates of non-explosive reactive armor (NERA) between conventional steel plates. First and foremost, reduce the weight of the Abrams tanks. [74] It has been introduced into service and serves with Stryker brigades. [105][106] In June 2018, the Army awarded Leonardo DRS, U.S. partner to Trophy's designer Rafael, a $193 million contract to deliver the system in support of M1 Abrams "immediate operational requirements. Through the 1960s the US Army and German Army had collaborated on a single design that would replace both the M60 Patton and the Leopard 1. This often resulted in programs being canceled due to cost overruns, leaving the forces with outdated systems, as was the case with the MBT-70. Type. My T-34 (1940) was trundling through the streets of Italy (War thunder’s matching system is not very historic) when suddenly I manage to flank an Abrams. [64][65][66], The U.S. Army planned to end production at the Lima Army Tank Plant from 2013 to 2016 in an effort to save over $1 billion; it would be restarted in 2017 to upgrade existing tanks. The turret is fitted with two six-barreled M250 smoke grenade launchers (USMC M1A1s use an eight-barreled version), with one on each side. The M1 Garand Rifles and M1 Steel Pots where manufactured in 1941 and fielded in 1942. The M1 Abrams was designed by Chrysler Defense and produced under the General Dynamics brand. The main armament of the M1A1 and M1A2 is the M256A1 120 mm smoothbore gun, designed by Rheinmetall AG of Germany, manufactured under license in the U.S. by Watervliet Arsenal, New York. Related products. CANNON, 105MM GUN: M68A1E2 MIL-C-45504A Rev. In addition to the armor, some USMC Abrams tanks are equipped with a Softkill Active protection system, the AN/VLQ-6 Missile Countermeasure Device (MCD) that can impede the function of guidance systems of some semi-active control line-of-sight (SACLOS) wire- and radio guided anti-tank missiles (such as the Russian 9K114 Shturm) and infrared homing missiles. "[107] U.S. Army M1A2 SEP V2 Abrams tanks deployed to Germany in July 2020 fitted with Trophy systems.[108]. [2], In 1990, Project on Government Oversight in a report criticized the M1's high costs and low fuel efficiency in comparison with other tanks of similar power and effectiveness such as the Leopard 2. Fuel and ammunition are stored in armored compartments with blowout panels to protect the crew from the risk of the tank's own ammunition cooking off (exploding) if the tank is damaged—the main gun's ammunition is stored in the rear section of the turret, with blast doors that open under power by sliding sideways only to remove a round for firing, then automatically close. [42] In addition to the Abrams's heavy armament, some crews were also issued M136 AT4 shoulder-fired anti-tank weapons under the assumption that they might have to engage heavy armor in tight urban areas where the main gun could not be brought to bear. M1s and M1A1s deployed to Operation Desert Storm were hastily painted desert tan. Notable features of the M1 Abrams include the use of a powerful engine, layered armor, and a low profile. Through this same period, there was an ongoing effort to improve NATO logistics by standardizing ammunition to the maximum possible degree. [90] The first M1A1 tanks to receive this upgrade were tanks stationed in Germany. What Will Replace the M1 Abrams Tank? So you have to be specific because they range in weights. The report was based on data from U.S. Army sources and the Congressional record.[34]. For the early 20th Century light tank, see, U.S. Army M1A2 Abrams with production TUSK, Main Battle Tanks of comparable role, performance, and era. [75], The M1A2 SEP TUSK Abrams and a modernized M1 Abrams were included in the Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Analysis of Alternatives (AOA). The exercises were aimed at countering Soviet forces. [111] The Abrams also fires high-explosive anti-tank warhead shaped charge rounds such as the M830, the latest version of which (M830A1) incorporates a sophisticated multi-mode electronic sensing fuse and more fragmentation that allows it to be used effectively against armored vehicles, personnel, and low-flying aircraft. The most prominent of which is the turret front changing from vertical to sloped armor. [63], After the start of the Saudi Arabian intervention in Yemen during the 2015 Yemeni Civil War, Saudi Arabian M1A2 MBTs were deployed near the Saudi Arabian/Yemeni border. This tank has not been exported. 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