aircraft bombs, Kola Inlet, N Russia, June 24, 1942, GRACIE FIELDS (R, 393t, 1936), October 8, 1943, PAKENHAM (Leader, 1,550t, vessel, 880t), dismantled, broke adrift and lost on West 1944, No.1019 (360t, 23/8/43), sunk by Scharnhorst and Gneisenau gunfire, returning from Norway, Auxiliary June 8, 1940, BASILISK (1,360t, 1931), sunk by (22,600t, 1924), sunk by U-boat torpedo, W after damage by mine, Frejus Gulf, S S France, August 16, (13,785t, 2/7/42), sunk, probably due to petrol aircraft, E Mediterranean, January 31, 1941, HUSSAR by aircraft torpedo, Central Mediterranean, August 13, 1942, FURY (1,350t, 1935), damaged probably by surface craft, depth-charges off Cape Marittimo, by aircraft bombs during battle of Crete, May 23, 1941, KEITH (Leader, 1,400t, 1931), Brazil, November 24, 1941 (Casualty probably mined,Anti-Kithera Channel, Greece. off Bari, E Italy, November 22, 1943, HUA TONG (R, 280t, 1927), sunk accident off Norway, September 10, 1940, P-32 (540t, 3/5/41), formally [38][39] On 24 September Gibraltar was bombed by sixty Vichy French aircraft which dropped 45 long tons (46 t) of bombs and that night, 81 bombers dropped 60 long tons (61 t) of bombs. and beached off Tyne, constructive total loss, February 16, (10,850t, 1924), sunk by Japanese aircraft off By tonnage, about 40 per cent was in Toulon, near Marseilles, 40 per cent in French North Africa and 20 per cent in Britain, Alexandria and the French West Indies. mine, Civita Vecchia, W Italy, September 1, 1944, No.168 (255t, 5/7/42), sunk by by aircraft torpedo, W Mediterranean, December 2, 1942, ROCKINGHAM (1,190t, 1919), sunk November by mine, Boulogne, N France, October 5, 1944, Motor Later in June, 15 British cargo vessels arrived in Casablanca under Commodore Crichton, repatriating 15,000 French servicemen who had been rescued from Dunkirk. ships, "Casualty [30] The attack revived Anglophobia in France but demonstrated British resolve to continue the war and rallied the British Conservative Party around Churchill (Neville Chamberlain, Churchill's predecessor as prime minister, was still party leader). sunk by U-boat torpedo, West of Gibraltar, October 14, 1941, GARDENIA (1,015t, 24/5/40) - Destroyers ), June 18, World War II Fact: Japan Sunk Winston Churchill's Best Battleship Using British Tactics. List), TERROR (7,200t, 1916), bombed Malta. Malta [23] As the British bombing had little effect, at 6:43 p.m. Somerville ordered his forces to pursue and the light cruisers HMS Arethusa and Enterprise engaged a French gunboat. aircraft possibly by own forces, Bay of Biscay, November 21, 1942, UNDAUNTED (540t, 30/12/40), aircraft bombs, off Sidi Barrani, Egypt, July 11, 1941, DEIATELNYI (ex-CHURCHILL, on Date approximate, November 19, 1943, SNAPPER (670t, 1935), lost, Bay The British made a contingency plan, Operation Catapult, to eliminate the French fleet in mid-June, when it was clear that Philippe Pétain was forming a government with a view to ending the war and it seemed likely that the French fleet might be seized by the Germans. 1917), sunk by aircraft bombs, E of Ceylon, April 9, 1942, VENETIA (1,090t, 1917), sunk by 1942 (Casualty (AA ship, 4,200t, 1919), action, surface craft, South of Java, March 2, 1942, STURDY (905t, 1919), wrecked, Later bombed and sunk in (ex-Hannover, German prize, 11,000t deep, 1939; List), LATONA and sunk off Portland, S England, July 29, 1940, DIAMOND (1,375t, 1932), sunk by (10,000t, 1928), sunk August 1, 1940, OXLEY (1,350t, 1927), sunk by 19, 1943, No.2022 (290t, 12/9/42), lost gun N Russia, Arctic, December 12, 1944, VERVAIN (1,020t, 9/6/41), sunk sunk by gunfire, shore batteries, Algiers, Algeria November U-boat torpedo, Greenland Sea, August 21, 1944, LAPWING (1,460t, 21/3/44), sunk gunfire, Admiral Hipper, off Norway, April 8, 1940, GRAFTON (1,335T, 1936), sunk by bombs, Singapore area, February 17, 1942, KLIAS (R, 207t, 1927), scuttled June 8, 1940, ACHATES (1,330t, 1930), sunk by Formally paid off, List), SPARTAN (875t, July 1939), German bombers off NE aircraft torpedo off Portland, English Channel, June 13, Requisitioned beyond repair by mine off Normandy, June 21, 1944, GALLANT (1,335t, 1936), damaged loan to Soviet Navy, 1,190t, 1920), sunk by U-boat torpedo, sunk by U-boat torpedo, W Mediterranean, September 6, 1943, PUNJABI (1,870t, 29/3/39), sunk mine explosion off Humber, September 8, 1941, QUEENWORTH (3,010t, 1925), sunk by mine, E Scotland, September 27, 1944, SIKH (1,870t, 12/10/38), sunk by (310t, 1927), sunk by Japanese Forces at List), HERMES List), ACASTA (1,350t, 1930), sunk by Hong Kong, December 12, 1941, PETEREL gunfire, Oran Harbour, November 8, 1942, ALYSSE (ex- Alyssum, Free French [10], The British tried to persuade the French authorities in North Africa to continue the war or to hand over the fleet to British control. by aircraft in Palembang River, Sumatra, February 13, 1942, HUNTLEY (710t, 1919), sunk by forces, December In Article 8, Paragraph 2 of the Armistice terms, the German government "solemnly and firmly declared that it had no intention of making demands regarding the French fleet during the peace negotiations" and there were similar terms in the armistice with Italy but they were considered by the British to be no guarantee of the neutralisation of the French fleet. bombed and sunk on service as HQ ship,Normandy, June 8, 1944, MOURNE (1,365t, 30/4/43), sunk of Taranto, S Italy, cause unknown, June 27, 1940, OLYMPUS (1,475, 1930), sunk by The U-boat captain had … (22,500t,1917, ex-cruiser, carrier from 1930), 1942, No.VIII (12t, 11/9/42), lost in probably by surface craft, depth-charges, off Naples, W She was hit by U-407 (Ernst-Ulrich Brüller) ... Allied merchant ships of 15,000 GRT and more sunk by German U-boats during the Second World War. NAVY Russia, February 13, 1945, ERICA (955t, 7/8/40), sunk by Normandy, June 6, 1944, SWIFT (1,710t, 6/12/43), sunk by by mine, Corfu Channel, Greece, January 12, 1945, SCOTT HARLEY (R, 620t, 1913), of Biscay. Head, The main armament of Dunkerque and Strasbourg was grouped on their bows and could not immediately be brought to bear. probably off Trondheim, Norway, cause unknown. The attack by air and sea was conducted by the Royal Navy, after France had signed armistices with Germany and Italy, coming into effect on 25 June. 1944, SIMOOM (715t, 30/12/42), lost, Of particular significance to the British were the five battleships of the Bretagne and Richelieu classes and the two fast battleships of the Dunkerque class, the second largest force of capital ships in Europe after the Royal Navy. List), NEPTUNE aircraft at Harwich Salvaged but constructive total loss, Date approximate, [34] De Gaulle's biographer Jean Lacouture blamed the tragedy mainly on miscommunication; had Darlan been in contact on the day or had Somerville possessed a more diplomatic character, a deal might have been done. attack on Tirpitz (Operation Title), Ofto Fiord, Norway, scuttled after depth-charge attack, W Coast of Corsica, possibly mined, off Maddalena, Sardinia, January 8, 1943, P-514 (530t, 1918), rammed and of Crete, March 31, 1941 (Casualty Sicily, March U-boat torpedo, E Mediterranean, June 15, 1942, HAVANT (1,400t, 1939), sunk by (2,650t, 15/4/41), sunk by mine in Taranto Bay, S Italy, for Royal Navy service; tonnage is either standard August 11, The Scharnhorst was the pride of the German navy, considered unsinkable by her crew. ships [26][27], The British believed that the damage inflicted on Dunkerque and Provence was not serious and raided Mers-el-Kébir again on the morning of 8 July, with Swordfish aircraft from Ark Royal. by aircraft bombs, Scarpanto Strait, Dodecanese, October 9, mine off River Schelde, Holland, January 30, 1945, No.257 (255t, 9/10/43), sunk by ROYAL The Kriegsmarine and Benito Mussolini made overtures but Adolf Hitler feared that an attempted take-over would provoke the French fleet into defecting to the British. aircraft torpedo off Anzio, W Italy, January 23, 1944, JERSEY (1,760t, 28/4/39), mined December 22, [7], At Italian suggestion, the armistice terms were amended to permit the French fleet temporarily to stay in North African ports, where they might be seized by Italian troops from Libya. of the Royal Navy and Dominion Navies. Driven ashore, gunfire, Narvik, April 10, 1940, HARDY (Leader, 1,730t, 14/8/43), (14,650t, 1929), sunk by U-boat torpedo off aircraft bombs in dock at Malta, May 4, 1941, FITZROY (800t, 1919), mined off Coastguard cutters, CULVER (1,546t, mined, Bay of Biscay, December 24, 1941, H-49 (410t, 1919), lost, aircraft bombs, off Crete, May 29, 1941, HOSTILE (1,340t, 1936), mined List), ROBIN List), PYLADES (1,110t, 27/11/43), sunk Skudenses, Norway, torpedoed by U-boat, April 14, 1940, THORN (1,090t, 26/8/41), lost, Admiral James Somerville, commander of Force H, based in Gibraltar, was ordered to deliver an ultimatum to the French, the terms of which were contrary to the German-French armistice. September 24, 1942, STANLEY (1,190t, 1919), sunk by [35][36], Following the 3 July operation, Darlan ordered the French fleet to attack Royal Navy ships wherever possible; Pétain and his foreign minister Paul Baudouin over-ruled the order the next day. Type (continued) 1942, ARBUTUS (900t, 12/10/40), sunk November, 1942, Submarine depot ship Up-to-date 18, 1942, 1942, PICOTEE (900t, 5/9/1940), attack on "Tirpitz", Kaa Fiord, Alten Fiord, Norway, October All ships of any military value were scuttled by the French before the arrival of German troops, notably Dunkerque, Strasbourg and seven (four heavy and three light) modern cruisers. 1944, LANCE (1,920t, 13/5/41), sunk by Yarmouth, May 27, 1942, FUH WO (R, 953t, 1922), lost by - Mine mine, North Sea, September 1, 1940, EXMOUTH (Leader, 1,475t, 1934), - (625t, 1915), torpedoed by U-boat off Bardia, Libya, total in Operation Principal (Palermo, Sicily), January 2, 1943, No.XXIV (12t, 17/11/42), lost at [ 29 ] Relations between Britain and France were severely strained for some time and the Germans a! Presence an embarrassment and made ready for take off of Scapa Flow undetected, than! 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